Compiled by Jirair Tutunjian
Posted by Nayiri Abrahamian
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Don Pendleton’s “Mack Bolan’s Double Crossfire”

Don Pendleton’s “Mack Bolan’s Double Crossfire” thriller is about a small group of Armenians fighting the Turks in the ‘70s. The two leading characters are American-Armenian Marko Adamian and Richard Hagen. The latter’s real name is Dikran. Adamian, a rich businessman, participates in Armenian liberation efforts in the Middle East. The pocket book (Gold Eagle, 1982) includes a sympathetic view of the Armenian Cause (“Hye Tadd”) and has many pages of Armenian history going back to Urartu.

Valerian Madatov

Valerian Madatov (1782-1829), born in Karapagh,  traveled to St. Petersburg at the age of 15 and joined the Preobrajensk Imperial Life Guards regiment. After his regiment routed a 4,000-strong cavalry of Khosrov Pasha (1806-1812 Russian-Turkish War), Madatov was cited for his heroism and promoted to the rank of major. In 1812, at the Battle of Berezina, leading the Alexandria regiment, he defeated the French. He was compared to the celebrated Murat of Napoleon’s army. From 1816-1827 he was back in Karapagh commanding a troop during the Russian-Persian War. Although outnumbered, his regiment defeated the Persians at the Shamhor River. After that war he headed to the Balkans for another war against the Ottomans. A few days after winning the Battle of Shumla (Bulgaria), he died of consumption. He was buried near an Armenian church in that country but his remains were soon after transported, by the orders of Tsar Nicholas I, to St. Petersburg where they were buried at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. In 2007 a monument was created by Georgiy Frangulyan in Matadov’s honor. 

Suvorov son of Askhen Ter-Manukova (Manukian)

“Russian” General Suvorov was the son of Askhen Ter-Manukova (Manukian). She was the daughter of an Armenian priest and is buried at the Vagankovo Cemetery in Moscow. Suvorov is considered to be the greatest “Russian” general of all time.

Armenians' participation in Russian-Turkish wars

Armenians are the only non-Slavic people who participated in all 11 of the Russian-Turkish wars for 44 years, and always on the Russian side.

Mikhael Lermontov and General Paul Melikov

Mikhael Lermontov, the great Russian poet and contemporary of Pushkin, wrote a poem about General Paul Melikov (Boghos Melikian), one of the more prominent heros of the Battle of Borodino against Napoleon’s army. Few people know that the celebrated “Russian” writer was of Scottish origin. He was descended from Learmonth of Balcomie, a Scottish mercenary who served a Polish king and the tsar. He was killed in a duel (1841), like his rival/friend Pushkin.

Charlemagne’s Army

When Charlemagne defeated the Moors in Spain, the emir’s 50,000-strong army included Syrians, Avars, Huns, and Armenians, in addition to Moors, writes historian Turoldus. Charlemagne’s army included Bavarians, Danes, Bretons, Flemings, Bergundians, Normans, and others.

Boundary Between Europe And Asia

Because the Ural Mountains are recognized as the boundary between Europe and Asia, Armenians and other nations, particularly in the Caucasus, have wondered about the recent designation of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan as European countries. History shows that Europe’s boundaries have been elastic. The original boundary between Europe and Asia was River Don (thus placing most of Russia in Asia). At the end of 15th century it advanced to the banks of the Volga River. By the 16th century it had reached River Ob and in the 19th century to the Urals. In the 20th century it moved to the banks of the Rivers Emba and Kerch.

Nikolai Yakovlevich Marr

Nikolai Yakovlevich Marr, one of the first archeologists to excavate Armenian historical sites, was the son of a Scottish immigrant and a Georgian mother. He was a professor at St. Petersburg before the Bolshevik Revolution

Ethnically Diverse Caucasus

The Caucasus is one of most ethnically diverse in the world. In addition to the three major nations (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia), the area between the Black Sea and the Caspian is inhabited by Ajarians, Chechens, Circassians, Daghestanis, Lazh, Kartvelians, Ossetians, Ingush, Mingrelians, Abkhazians, Tatars, Svanetians, Kabardians, and Adygeans.


Khosrow II, Parvez (“Victorious”), the 6th century king of Persia, loved Shirin, a beautiful Armenian girl. The famous Persian epic “Shahnameh" (“Book of Kings”) by Ferdawsi (10th century) is about their love. Because of his devotion to Shirin, Khosrow declared:” All Christians under my rule shall accept the [monophysite] faith of the Armenians.”

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